How to Care for Plumeria in Winter, A Comprehensive Guide

How to care for plumeria in winter? This comprehensive guide provides expert tips and techniques to ensure your plumeria thrives during the colder months. From providing protection from cold temperatures to maintaining optimal humidity and light conditions, we’ve got you covered.

Discover the secrets to successful winter care for your beloved plumeria, ensuring it emerges from the cold season vibrant and ready to bloom.

Winter Care Basics

Plumeria, also known as frangipani, are tropical plants that thrive in warm temperatures. When winter arrives and temperatures drop, it’s crucial to provide adequate care to protect these plants from cold damage.

The optimal temperature range for plumeria during winter is between 55°F (13°C) and 65°F (18°C). Temperatures below 50°F (10°C) can cause damage to the leaves and stems, while temperatures below 40°F (4°C) can be fatal.

Acclimating Plumeria to Cooler Temperatures

To minimize the risk of cold damage, it’s important to acclimate plumeria to cooler temperatures gradually. Begin by exposing the plants to temperatures slightly cooler than their current environment for short periods. Gradually increase the exposure time and temperature difference over several weeks until the plants are fully acclimated.

Watering and Humidity

How to Care for Plumeria in Winter, A Comprehensive Guide

Proper watering and humidity management are crucial for the health and well-being of plumeria during winter. Understanding their water requirements and creating a humid environment will ensure their survival and thrive.


During winter, plumeria plants enter a dormant state, reducing their water needs significantly. Watering should be infrequent and only when the soil is completely dry. Overwatering can lead to root rot and other issues.

To determine if watering is necessary, check the soil moisture by inserting your finger about 2 inches deep. If the soil feels dry, it’s time to water. Water thoroughly until water drains from the bottom of the pot. Avoid getting water on the leaves, as this can promote fungal growth.

Humidity, How to care for plumeria in winter

Plumeria plants prefer high humidity levels, especially during winter when the air tends to be drier. Increasing humidity around the plants helps prevent dehydration and promotes healthy foliage.

  • Misting:Misting the leaves regularly with lukewarm water can increase humidity levels.
  • Pebble Tray:Placing the pot on a tray filled with pebbles and water creates a humid microclimate as the water evaporates.
  • Humidifier:Using a humidifier in the room where the plumeria is located can increase the overall humidity levels.

Light Requirements

During winter, plumeria plants require bright, indirect light to maintain their health and vitality. Insufficient light can lead to a decline in plant growth and overall well-being.

If natural light is insufficient, supplemental lighting can be provided using grow lights. These lights emit specific wavelengths of light that mimic sunlight and help plants photosynthesize. When using grow lights, ensure they are placed close to the plant (within 6-12 inches) and provide 12-14 hours of light per day.

Consequences of Inadequate Lighting

  • Reduced growth and stunted leaves
  • Yellowing or browning of leaves
  • Loss of flowers and buds
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and diseases

Pruning and Fertilization

Pruning and fertilizing plumeria during winter are essential for maintaining their health and encouraging spring growth. Pruning helps remove dead or diseased branches, improves air circulation, and encourages new growth. Fertilization provides nutrients to the plant during its dormant period.

Pruning Techniques

* Prune plumeria when it is dormant, typically from late fall to early spring.

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  • Use sharp, clean pruning shears to make clean cuts.
  • Remove any dead or diseased branches, as well as branches that are crossing or rubbing against each other.
  • Cut back overgrown branches to encourage new growth.
  • Make cuts at a 45-degree angle, just above a node or bud.


* Fertilize plumeria during winter with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer.

  • Choose a fertilizer with a ratio of 10-10-10 or 12-12-12.
  • Apply fertilizer according to the manufacturer’s instructions, typically once every 6-8 weeks.
  • Avoid over-fertilizing, as this can damage the plant.

Pest and Disease Control

During winter, plumeria plants are susceptible to certain pests and diseases. Recognizing and addressing these issues promptly is crucial to maintain plant health.

Common pests that can affect plumeria in winter include mealybugs, aphids, and scale. These pests feed on plant sap, causing stunted growth, yellowing leaves, and honeydew secretion.

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Prevention and Treatment of Pests

  • Regularly inspect plants for signs of pests.
  • Use insecticidal soap or neem oil to control infestations.
  • Remove heavily infested leaves or stems.
  • Maintain good plant hygiene by removing fallen leaves and debris.

Plumeria plants can also be affected by diseases such as root rot and leaf spot. Root rot is caused by excessive moisture and can lead to wilting and yellowing leaves. Leaf spot, on the other hand, is caused by fungal pathogens and manifests as brown or black spots on leaves.

Prevention and Treatment of Diseases

  • Avoid overwatering and ensure proper drainage.
  • Use fungicides to treat fungal diseases.
  • Remove and discard infected leaves or stems.
  • Maintain good air circulation around plants.

Maintaining good plant hygiene is essential to reduce the risk of pest and disease infestation. Regularly cleaning the leaves, removing fallen debris, and providing adequate air circulation can help prevent issues and promote overall plant health.

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Dormancy and Storage: How To Care For Plumeria In Winter

How to Care for Plumeria in Winter, A Comprehensive Guide
How to Care for Plumeria in Winter, A Comprehensive Guide

As winter approaches, plumeria plants enter a state of dormancy, characterized by the loss of leaves and reduced growth. Understanding the signs of dormancy and providing proper storage conditions is crucial for the plant’s survival during the cold months.

Ideal Storage Conditions

  • Temperature:Ideal storage temperatures range from 40 to 50°F (4 to 10°C).
  • Humidity:Maintain humidity levels between 50% and 60% to prevent the plant from drying out.
  • Light:Plumeria do not require light during dormancy, but avoid placing them in complete darkness.
  • Ventilation:Provide adequate ventilation to prevent moisture buildup and fungal growth.

Preparing Plumeria for Storage

Before storing plumeria, it is essential to prepare the plant to minimize damage:

  • Watering:Gradually reduce watering frequency as the plant enters dormancy. Allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings.
  • Fertilizing:Stop fertilizing the plant once it enters dormancy.
  • Pruning:Remove any dead or diseased branches. Prune back long branches to reduce the risk of breakage during storage.
  • Cleaning:Remove any leaves, debris, or pests from the plant.

Preventing Damage During Storage

  • Inspect Regularly:Check the plant periodically for signs of pests, diseases, or damage.
  • Avoid Overwatering:Water only when the soil is dry to the touch. Overwatering can lead to root rot.
  • Protect from Freezing:Ensure the storage area is protected from freezing temperatures. If necessary, use insulation or a heating device.
  • Monitor Humidity:If the humidity drops below 50%, mist the plant or place a humidifier nearby.

Final Summary

By following these expert recommendations, you can provide your plumeria with the care it needs to survive and thrive during the winter months. With a little attention and effort, you can ensure your plumeria returns to its full glory come spring.


How often should I water my plumeria in winter?

Water your plumeria sparingly during winter, only when the soil is completely dry to the touch.

How can I increase humidity around my plumeria?

Place your plumeria on a tray filled with pebbles and water, or use a humidifier to increase humidity levels.

What are common pests that affect plumeria in winter?

Mealybugs, aphids, and scale are common pests that can infest plumeria during winter. Treat infestations promptly with insecticidal soap or neem oil.

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About the Author: Jason